Bootstrap is a HTML, CSS, and JS framework used for designing templates with lots of common HTML elements, dozens of custom HTML and CSS components, and awesome jQuery plugins. Its easily and efficiently scales your websites and applications with a single code base, from phones to tablets to desktops with CSS media queries. Its source code utilizes the two most popular CSS preprocessors, Less and Sass.

Mark Otto and Jacob Thornon of Twitter, developed this framework for encouraging consistency across the other internal tools. Until the invention of this framework, it was found that many libraries used in interface development were inconsistent and also caused high maintenance issue.

By August 2011, Bootstrap was released as open source and mid this year this framework was stated as the number on project by the “GitHub” – a web-based hosting services, situated at the United States of America.


Structure and functions

The toolkit is implemented with various components of a series of LESS and SASS Stylesheets, making this framework modular and essential. A stylesheet named bootstrap.less includes all the components one can find in the stylesheet and also allows developers to adapt the entire Bootstrap file by choosing the components of each one’s choice.

The central configuration stylesheets takes care of those less number of adjustments and profound changes are done by LESS declaration in the framework. Since the version 2.0, the Bootstrap configuration also has “Customize” a special option in the process of documentation and those subsequent packages includes CSS stylesheets those are pre-built.



  • Bootstrap is attuned all major browsers and their latest versions. It would be surprising to see this degrading while used in older version browsers.
  • After the creation of version 2.0, this also supports responsive web designs. Meaning, the adjustments happens dynamically for the layout of web pages.
  • Mobile first design philosophy was first adopted by Bootstrap upon the version 3.0


A developer either downloads the Bootstrap CSS stylesheet and includes the link in HTML file or compiles the CSS from the download LESS with a special compiler. In case JavaScripts needs to be included do not forget to reference them along with jQuery library in the HTML document.


Reasons to choose Bootstrap than other framework

  • Easy to get started
  • Has a great 12-column responsive grid system
  • Considered as a base styling for most of the HTML elements
  • Has wide-ranging list of components like: Modal, tooltip, Tabs, Nav, buttons etc.
  • JavaScript plugins can be bundled
  • The documentation is great, well explained and has clear demos for better understanding.
  • One of the great aspect to note is, you can make your own design with Bootstrap
  • Has good factor designs.
  • Gracefully updates in-line with your browser
  • Integration of already existing web page is easy using a Bootstrap
  • Responsive even when changing devices.
  • Elements in Bootstrap are considered as the future design


One doesn’t require a working knowledge of web page development concepts like CSS and HTML for using Bootstrap, the documentation takes good care of it. For those planning on new websites or even revamping your older ones, Bootstrap allows you to carry-out immediate work with good quality.

So what’s holding you back? Jump into the Bootstrap train and begin your journey. If you’ve used this earlier, share your experience with us.